Here are some of my old notes from my MCSE guide on planning a MS Windows Server 2003 network. I have no idea how outdated this information is but I imagine there not a lot of changes going on in a forest. Also if your in the DIY mood, check out BIND.
Namespace for the authoritative DNS server
Forward Lookup Zone:
Desinated space used to hold forward lookup records, common records types are MX and SRV.
Resolvin a domain name to an IP address.
Reverse Lookup Zone:
Designated space used to hold reverse lookup records, common record types are PTR.
Resolving an IP address to a domain name.
DNS query that searches through connected DNS servers for the requested infomation.
List of root severs that is used by DNS servers to perform forward lookups
Start of Authority:
DNS record that defines which DNS server is authoriateive for that particular domain and defindes the characteristics for the zone.
Transerfing records from DNS server to another DNS server.
Unauthorized Zone Transer:
Zone transer requested and obtained by an unauthroized server or person.
* I always wondered where they come up with these names . . .
Ping request packets using a fake source IP address that are sent to a broadcast address. Connected hosts who recieve the request transmit a reply to the fake IP address. DOS via three way handshake.
* Not really DNS zone related, just forgot about this one and laughed. Besides, I hope this one shouldn’t be able to work in most environments.
Other Potential Outdated Server 2003 Information
Securing Zone Transfers
Step 1: Under Administrator Tools, open DNS.
Step 2; Open Forward Lookup Zones and open the properites of the primary zone.
Step 3: Click the Zone Transers tab and allow zone transfers.
Step 4: Click Only to the followin servers and create a white-list of acceptable IP addresses
Step 5: Click Add when white-list is finished.
Step 6: Close the DNS snap-in
Step 7: Use Nslookup server command to add white-list IP adddress.
-Note: If this is a large list, learn about iteration.
Step 8: Use ls on the zone your transfering too.
Step 9: Profit.